目前日期文章:200408 (6)

瀏覽方式: 標題列表 簡短摘要


narzissmus 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(6) 人氣()

1.2 Arms in hands: issues, approaches and structures
Part I will deliver an introduction of basic ideas and outline issues to be discussed in this thesis. In Part II, the author will give the whole picture of ECJ’s Dory decision and indicate the missing piece in the decision. Why ECJ in Dory brought to a standstill from its previous case law on application of Community law on organizations in the armed forces of Member States? The ECJ suggested in Dory that there is a distinction between national decisions concerning organizations in the armed forces and national choices of military organization for defense of their territory or of their essential interests. Is it really distinguishable between matters of military organization related to genuine decisions of national defense and those mere choices of employment policy? How to determine the so-called “primary and second choice” to organize and manage the national defense? It is crucial for application scope of Community law.

More important for application of EC sex equality law in the armed forces, Dory also remarked some issues ECJ avoided to deal with or failed to solve. First of all, Dory is concerned about the compulsory obligation served in the military. Secondly, the German national court referred the preliminary-ruling question to ECJ is whether or not the “male-only” conscription was contrary to Community law, as result of the military service delaying access to civil work or training. Does it discriminate men based on the ground of sex? In author’s opinion, Dory is a good chance for ECJ to redefine the notion of “discrimination” on the ground of “sex” within a collective angel or “group rights,” for example the sex role of women and men, lesbian and gay men.

narzissmus 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

Maybe the target nowadays is not to discover what we are, but to refuse what we are […]. The conclusion would be that the political, ethical, social, philosophical problem of our days is not to try to liberate the individual from the state, and from the state's institutions, but to liberate us both from the state and from the type of individualization which is linked to the state. (Emphasis added)

I. Introduction

1.1 Fighting begins…

narzissmus 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

荷蘭時間八月二十日是我的論文繳交截止日。

趕在八月十八日終於將論文寫完,其間仍有許多思慮不盡圓滿之處。
這之間有機會幾次跟我司法院老同事惠玲,就德國憲法與歐盟法廣泛交換意見,也要謝謝她。
交了之後,我還是會依指導教授的意見再行修改。

narzissmus 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

從今天起五天(即八月五日至九日),阿姆斯特丹將舉行一連串同志慶祝活動(Pride 2004 Amsterdam, 5-8 August)。

早上突然下起大雨,別擔心,荷蘭天氣習慣了就知道,晚一點就會放晴。
果不其然,晚點雨就停了,下午天氣也好些,雖然陽光不強,倒也適合出遊。

narzissmus 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

從今天起五天(即八月五日至九日),阿姆斯特丹將舉行一連串同志慶祝活動(Pride 2004 Amsterdam, 5-8 August)。

早上突然下起大雨,別擔心,荷蘭天氣習慣了就知道,晚一點就會放晴。
果不其然,晚點雨就停了,下午天氣也好些,雖然陽光不強,倒也適合出遊。

narzissmus 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(3) 人氣()