應博士班主任、米蘭大學法學院院長,Ferrari教授的要求,我在十二月七日上午,他的法社會學課堂上,以儒家思想與中國法律文化為題,進行一場報告。


對我來說,除了大學上過中國法制史外,壓根沒想過這個問題。不過既然我博士班以「法律與社會」為課程中心,我又想研究東西方社會對同志人權與同性婚姻的異同,進而探討華人社會對同性婚姻立法的可行性,這或許也是一個不錯的起點。

以下是這次報告的大綱。



I. Introduction: value determination on “First Chin (relationship), then Li (reason) and Fa (law)”(情、理、法)
II. Few key concepts of Confucianism
1. Introduction
2. Shiao (孝)– filial piety
3. Chong (忠)– loyalty
4. Ren (仁)– humanity
5. Li (禮)– ritual
6. Renlun (人倫)– relationships
III. Codification of Confucianism and its influences on legal culture
1. Li is the principle above law
2. Emperor of Ren (仁君)to rule
3. Duties under Shiao (孝道): moralization in family law
4. State law and litigation as the last means
IV. Confucianism in Taiwan’s transmitted legal system
1. Reception (“borrowing”) from German law as basic legal system
2. From duty-orientated to right-orientated
3. Judicial review as the leading role
V. Concluded Remark: from “rule by law” to “rule of law”?
Epilogue: Chinese legal culture and same-sex marriage under “shiao” and “renlun”
1. Chinese social relationship: “not toleration but silence”
2. Reproduction obligation on “men” to their families under shiao

Appendix: Max Weber on differences between Western (Civil law system) and Chinese legal cultures


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